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8 Innovative Emergency Shelters for When Disaster Strikes
IKEA Solar-Powered Flat Pack Shelter
This flat pack, easy to transport shelter was developed in collaboration between the IKEA Foundation and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR). True to IKEA’s expertise in flat packing and assembly, this 188-square foot emergency shelter is easy to assemble and can be built in just four hours. It is twice the size of a regulation refugee tent and can sleep five people comfortably. The shelter comes with solar-powered roofing, eliminating the need for candles or kerosene lamps, which can pose a danger of fire. Plus, the roof deflects solar heat gain by 70%, keeping the interior cool during hot weather.
Portable buBbLe House
This innovative and compact shelter is the result of a design collaboration between MMAS and architect/artist Ciprano Chas. It consists of a starter kit accommodating a two-day stay and comes with various kit accessories that allows people to lengthen their stay if they need to. It comes in a compact metal locker that holds a two cubic meter shelter composed of a lightweight plastic skin which hangs on a drop-down aluminum frame. The walls have an insulating chamber that can be filled with anything from water to air to grass to clothing. The chamber can serve as storage as well as insulation and provides privacy. The buBbLe House includes a water hook-up, a small kitchen, laundry, and lighting.
The Accordion reCover Shelter
This beautiful and simple shelter was designed by Matthew Malone, Amanda Goldberg, Jennifer Metcalf and Grant Meecham. It can sustain a family of four following a disaster for up to a month. The origami-like structure can be entirely collapsed into not one, but two shapes —horseshoe or flat—depending on which is easier to transport. It takes only a few minutes to set up and it can be done by one person. The ridges in the structure can be used to collect drinking water. Whatever materials that are on hand, or even ground cover can be used to insulate the structure in harsh weather.
EDV-01 Emergency Shelter
This high-tech shelter is a product of Diawa Lease and is about the size of a shipping container, though it can double in height with a flick of a switch. It can sustain itself without any outside resources for up to a month by catching and reusing water, and generating electricity with a sizable solar array. The EDV-01 can be transported by truck or helicopter to areas in need. Bunk beds and an office desk are built in. The lower portion has a shower and a bio toilet, a small kitchen, storage for supplies, and equipment. A unique aspect of this shelter is its pixelated skin that can light up and serve as signage, providing critical emergency information to people in the community.
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