China supports 20 percent of the world's population through food production, but as more land is used for development, less is available for arable land. One possible solution to this problem is vertical farming, and Spanish firm JAPA Architects has proposed the Dynamic Vertical Networks (Dyv-Net) scheme that could be located close to city centers. Built from lightweight metals, the Dyv-Net farms could produce crops year round, support the local economy and be close to market. The project was recently awarded a Citation through the FuturArc Prize 2013 Competition.
Only 15 percent of China’s total land area can be cultivated, which represents 10 percent of the global arable land, but this land is decreasing as the population grows. The Dyv-Net scheme is a vertical farm that reaches a height of 187.5 meters and is built from lightweight metals. The project was designed for prime locations Kowloon-Hong Kong for their close proximity to dense urban populations. By growing food close to where it will be bought and then eaten, this reduces transportation miles, energy and carbon footprint of the food produced.
Inspired by terraced rice farming techniques in China, the farm is a series of circular farm plots. Food is grown with the help of hydroponics and crops are rotated throughout the year according to the season. The circular levels are also rotated to allow the plants to receive the appropriate amount of sunlight. Crops can also be strung across the middle of the rings as well. The Dyv-Net vertical farm towers would also be used for research labs that could help move the agriculture industry further.
Images ©JAPA Architects