Each year nearly 380 billion plastic bags are used in the US — any only 7 percent of them are recycled. The plastic scourge clogs waterways and takes hundreds of years to break down into smaller plastic bits (the bags don’t biodegrade). They also often makes their way into animals’ bodies: birds and fish especially like to eat the pieces, which often look like food. These pieces can choke them, block their digestive tracts, and the toxins used to make the plastic often get absorbed into their systems. But it’s not all about the animals; cleanup also costs taxpayers money. According to the LA Times via Wikipedia, “In San Francisco, it cost $8.5 million in 2004 to clean up plastic bag litter. According to the California State Assembly website, it would cost $25 million a year to clean up California’s plastic waste.” Read on for a look at the plastic bag problem and ways that we can fight the plastification of our environment!
Photo © Ingrid Tayler
Plastic bags are, like most plastics (save those made from corn or sugarcane, which are a very small percentage of the current market), made from oil. According to the Sierra Club, It takes about 430,000 gallons of oil to produce 100 million plastic bags, and the U.S. goes through 380 billion of them a year. That’s quite a bit of oil wasted on something that most of us use for just minutes before throwing away.
Lead Photo © Kate Ter Haar
Photo © Andrew Bain
Fortunately, single-use bags are on their way out — recently we applauded the 3-to-1 passing of yet another ban on plastic bags (this time in unincorporated parts of Los Angeles, which seems to be those parts of the city that aren’t part of organized neighborhoods). This latest ban joins those already in place in the Californian cities of Malibu, San Francisco, Palo Alto and Fairfax.
Nationwide, DC, Portland, Seattle, and a host of other cities have also banned plastic bags, and Ireland instituted a tax on bags, which resulted in a reduction in use of 92%, with few of the disastrous effects that online commenters rant on about. What has generally happened is that once the bags are banned, people have to remember to bring reusable ones with them, or pay a small fee for a paper bag, which is biodegradable, won’t clog up rivers and streams, doesn’t have poisonous effects on animals’ systems (keep in mind, some of these animals — fish in particular– are those that people like to eat, which means we can end up ingesting these toxins too), and are not made from oil. Not that paper bags are perfect; reusable is the way to go for sure.
Photo © velkr0
What bag-banning advocates are really fighting is habit and laziness. We are used to using bags, yes, but they are not necessary. Plastic bags are relatively recent invention; what did people do before them (or in countries today where they’re not ubiquitous)? Used paper sacks, sure, but mostly they just carried their own bags — pretty simple. Over the years, as I’ve watched this issue in the news, I have heard the same three arguments from those who oppose plastic bag bans. I’ve summed them up below:
Criticism: This will cost retailers money, as people won’t buy products they can’t carry home. Banning plastic bags hurts business.
Reality: If you forget your reusable bag, stores will be offering other types of bags that may cost .10. Plastic bags actually cost retailers $4 billion dollars a year in the United States (and guess who ends up paying for that in the end?)
Criticism: Plastic bag bans put the environment over the needs of humans.
Reality: We are not talking about emergency medical care here, we are talking about a disposable sack. Last I checked, human beings lived in the environment; when plastic bags create unsightly litter and poison waterways, it affects us directly. I don’t think convenience is more important that health or a clean vista.
Criticism: Plastic bags can be recycled, so why do we have to give them up? We should just recycle more.
Reality: Recycling still takes energy (shipping, sorting, and reprocessing) and though rates of recycling plastic bags are up from 2001 when the EPA reported that a whopping 1% of bags were recycled, it is still somewhere around 7%. Even if we increase plastic bag recycling to the rate at which we recycle plastic bottles (only around 1/3 of plastic bottles are recycled), that’s still millions of bags making their way into the environment.
Single-use plastic bags are on the way out, and good riddance!
Starre Vartan is founder and editor-in-chief of Eco-Chick and author of The Eco-Chick Guide to Life (St. Martin’s Press). A green living expert, she contributes to The Huffington Post and Mother Nature Network (MNN.com)