In Bodrum, in southwest Turkey, antiquated building codes restrict homes to a size of 75 sq meters or less, making constructing new homes a bit more challenging. Global Architectural Development responded to this law by designing a house made of three separate buildings connected by glass atrias. Dubbed the 'Exploded House' this concrete houme sits neatly above the port settlement and takes advantage of breezes through electronic sliding windows. However, one of the more interesting features of the Exploded Home is that the roof has been covered in pools that collect rainwater, and act as a natural cooling system for the structure.
The Exploded House is a concrete home composed of three volumes connected by a glass atrium, designed to meet the building codes of the area. Joined together as a single home, each volume serves a different purpose and is less than 75 sq meters. One volume serves as the master bedroom and a bathroom, another a kitchen and dining room, and then the third serves a guesthouse with an adjacent study. The large center atrium is not only the entrance to the home, but provides 180 degree views of the landscape and bay below. A fourth volume is located down below the main pool and serves as a self-contained apartment building.
To stay cool the home relies on two passive cooling systems – rainwater collection and natural ventilation. First the home’s concrete roof has been outfitted with depressions that collect rainwater. The rainwater cascades from the roof of one of the buildings to the other and is then circulated back around, providing cooling through evapotranspiration. The windows of the main atrium are operated electronically and can be slid open to be flush with the ground, opening the space to the exterior and encouraging natural ventilation with sea breezes.