- Inhabitat – Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building - http://inhabitat.com -
GREEN BUILDING 101: Environmentally Friendly Lighting for Health and Well-Being
Posted By Jill Fehrenbacher On June 10, 2014 @ 12:00 pm In Architecture,Design,Features,Green Building,Green Lighting,GreenBuilding 101 | 30 Comments
Lighting is one of the most critical—and most visceral—qualities of an indoor space, and the difference between good and bad lighting can make or break comfort, mood and overall happiness in your home. Exposure to natural light circadian rhythms , sleep cycle and hormones, and studies have linked lack of sunlight to depression (S.A.D), immune problems, diabetes and cancer . According to researcher and director of SUNAC (Sunlight, Nutrition and Health Research Center) William B. Grant , “over 20,000 Americans die prematurely annually from insufficient UVB/vitamin D, and half of those with multiple sclerosis in the U.S. would not have MS if they had had more UVB exposure.”
Considering all of this, its frustrating that the building industry for the past 50 years has been primarily concerned with the energy element of artificial lighting, rather than human health concerns. Reflecting this industry bias, the LEED certification system  doesn’t spend a lot of time on lighting. What is covered by LEED-H  in regards to lighting can be summed up in this one sentence:
If you utilize energy efficient fixtures OR employ an Energy Star advanced lighting package , you can earn LEED points for your home.
Here at Inhabitat, we consider lighting to be a hugely important element of sustainable building design. We consider “sustainable design” to include consideration of ergonomics, human health and comfort in addition to energy consumption. Because of this, we would like to expand on the LEED lighting criteria and explain how you can find the most sustainable, beautiful and healthy lighting options for your home.
We all care about our health, and we all want to lower our energy bills. Fortunately, most of the tactics you can employ to decrease energy consumption can make your life healthier, too. Here are some simple steps to leading a long and energy-efficient life:
This is one change that is easy to implement and can draw cash returns immediately. Replacing a 100-watt incandescent with a 32-watt Compact Fluorescent Light Bulb (CFL)  can save you at least $30 in energy costs over the life of the bulb, AND, if every household in the U.S. replaced one light bulb with a CFL, it would prevent enough pollution to equal removing one million cars from the road. How’s that for a win-win situation? CFLs provide high-quality light without the heat of incandescent bulbs, and they use much less energy and last up to 10 times longer. If you like this idea, consider taking Energy’s Star Change a Light Pledge > 
Also, consider investing in an Energy Star lighting upgrade > 
Your wallet with thank you for it in a year’s time.
The simplest fix you can make right now  to your existing incandescent lights is to switch them to CFLs. That said, there are plenty of other lighting technologies out there as well, the most promising of which for the future seems to be LEDs (Light-emitting Diodes) . LEDs don’t heat up like incandescents , and they last longer and are more energy efficient than both traditional bulbs and CFLs.
CFLs and energy-efficient lighting are all well and good, but why use artificial light at all when we all have access to a free, bright, renewable source of light in the sky? Of course, we need artificial light to function at night, but if our houses were well conceived and well designed in the first place, we would all have access to copious amounts of natural light through well-placed windows, skylights and translucent wall panels . Even without skylights and bay windows, architects can make light reflect deep into an interior space through strategic design and placement of windows. If we all had proper sources of natural light, we would spend a lot less on our energy bills and lead happier and healthier (and more circadianly-attuned) lives.
That would be the ideal scenario, but we recognize that in the real world, most of us move into a place and never get a lot of say in its design. (I personally live in New York City and I’ve never seen a Manhattan apartment that gets enough natural daylight.) If you’re living in the dark, don’t fret: there are a lot of things you can do to bring more natural light into your space:
You may not have the option to renovate, but if you do, now is a perfect time to take it. There are a lot of great translucent insulating building products  coming on to the market which will allow you to let light into your home without letting heat in (or out); a typical concern with skylights and large windows of the past.
You can maximize the light in a given room by choosing light colors and reflective materials for your walls , ceiling and floor. Light-colored and shiny flooring options like linoleum or polished wood can reflect a lot of ambient light, brightening up your space.Low-VOC  paints  typically come in only light colors, anyway, sparing the indoor air from noxious gases. Mirrors on walls will also reflect light around and brighten your space exponentially.
This has nothing to do with building design, but we thought we’d throw it in for good measure. Maintaining erratic sleep schedules and staying up late every night not only require you to consume a lot more lighting (and energy) than is necessary, but it also messes with your circadian rhythms / hormones, and ultimately your health (see cancer research studies for evidence) .
(This is a personal plea to all you crazy workaholic nocturnal types who think nothing of staying up all night, every night, as well as you profs who make your interns and poor students do the same!)
Article printed from Inhabitat – Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building: http://inhabitat.com
URL to article: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/
URLs in this post:
 Image: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/environmentally-friendly-lighting/
 immune problems, diabetes and cancer: http://www.sunarc.org/
 William B. Grant: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/medicalnews.php?newsid=9772
 Image: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/thesun/
 LEED certification system: http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CategoryID=19
 LEED-H: http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=147
 Energy Star advanced lighting package: http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=fixtures.alp_consumers
 Image: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/cfl-bulb-2/
 Compact Fluorescent Light Bulb (CFL): http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=cfls.pr_cfls
 Change a Light Pledge >: http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=cal.showPledge
 Related: Panasonic’s Sliding Nature Home ‘Breathes’ as it Shimmers With LEDs: http://inhabitat.com/panasonics-sliding-nature-installation-breathes-as-it-shimmers-with-leds/
 Image: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/luke-lamp-co-center-pendant-lights-2-2/
 simplest fix you can make right now: http://inhabitat.com/luke-lamp-co-s-center-pendant-rope-lights-give-energy-efficient-leds-an-elegant-new-form/luke-lamp-co-center-pendant-lights-2/?extend=1
 LEDs (Light-emitting Diodes): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LED
 LEDs don’t heat up like incandescents: http://inhabitat.com/tag/led-lights/
 Image: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/phillips1-2/
 translucent wall panels: http://www.kalwall.com/leed.htm
 Image: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/skylight-2/
 Image: http://inhabitat.com/green-building-101-environmentally-friendly-lighting/columbia-county-habitat-passive-duplex-barliswedlick-3/
 choosing light colors and reflective materials for your walls: http://inhabitat.com/nyc/bright-and-airy-columbia-county-habitat-for-humanity-townhouses-achieve-passive-house-standards/
 Low-VOC: http://inhabitat.com http://www.epa.gov/iaq/voc.html
 paints: http://inhabitat.com http://www.benjaminmoore.com/wrapper_pg3.asp?L=prod&K=intprods&groupid=28&productid=56
 (see cancer research studies for evidence): http://www.sunarc.org/papers.htm#breast
Copyright © 2011 Inhabitat Local - New York. All rights reserved.