Gallery: GREEN BUILDING 101: Location & Community

 

Where do you want to live?

Today kicks off Inhabitat’s summer series, Green Building 101, our weekly column covering the fundamentals of green building. This series will be structured around the U.S. Green Building Council‘s (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, specifically the new LEED for Homes for residential building, which establishes seven criteria for creating healthier, greener, more efficient homes.

LEED is not the only system for determining whether or not a project is sustainable – and debatably, it may not be the best. However, it is the most commonly accepted benchmark and an excellent starting point for those wanting to get their feet……green, so here we go! LOCATION AND LINKAGES We’re beginning our series this week with “Location & Linkages” (L&L.) This somewhat vague term has been defined by LEED-H (currently in pilot) as a methodology for sustainable site selection and development. The USGBC has implemented L&L in hopes that it will help reduce energy consumed by Americans in pursuit of cheap land and more closet space across the (seemingly) infinite supply of pasture and native habitats. We know you are anxious for tips on water conservation, cool materials, and saving energy, however we’re going to begin with some general, large scale steps for making an environmentally conscious choice on where to live. First things first!

Here are 6 ways to insure your home is sustainably located:

1) Locate your Piece of Heaven responsibly: Avoid naturally sensitive areas such as wetlands, floodplains, and quality farmland; it’s a slippery slope from soil erosion to water pollution to habitat destruction – consider the ecosystem you’re moving into. And as common sense tells most of us, avoid looking at developments that are a long way from the places you need to be. What’s the point in having a nice place if you have to give up two hours a day to your commute?

2) Infill: Seek out lots (or even buildings) that were formerly industrial or inhabited, but have become voids in the urban fabric. Most likely, they’ll come equipped with utilities and infrastructure, and they are likely to be near established public transportation. Reinhabiting these voids brings dormant areas back to life and offers a vibrant alternative to sprawl.

3) The car isn’t your only option: This is by far the most applicable to those of you living in more urban settings. Live close to where you work, live close to where you shop, live close to where you party, and live close to the public transportation that can get you everywhere else cheaply, easily, and without firing up that SUV. This one choice is hugely beneficial for curbing global warming and decreasing air pollution. Its better for your health too.

4) The more the merrier!: Look for developments that are compact and naturally form close-knit communities where amenities are within walking distance. This isn’t a new idea; many of the Mayberry-esque neighborhoods we love across America have densities of 8 homes per acre or greater. Density fosters safety, good physical health and a higher quality of life.

(We’re sure you’ve all heard about the studies linking suburban sprawl to obesity. One surefire way to get in shape is to move to a city like New York, where you have to walk everywhere to get around.)

5) Coming soon to a community near you: the LEED-ND Neighborhood: In the near future, entire neighborhoods, not just buildings, will be able to attain a LEED rating. Anyone purchasing a home or business in these developments will have already achieved the previous criteria, further ensuring the broad reach of sustainable development.

And now a point that is not on the LEED L&L checklist, but that we think is important:

6). Consider local climate: This may sound like a no-brainer, but if it’s so obvious, then why do so many houses from California to Connecticut look exactly the same? The vast monocrops of McMansions indicate that housing developers aren’t considering climate. There is a reason that houses in hot humid climates are traditionally raised on platforms, and houses in the hot and dry southwest made of adobe. Building traditions developed over time to adapt to their conditions. Investigate the vernacular and learn about what works best in your region for weather, heating, cooling, insulation and energy.

Now, some of you may be thinking: This is all well and good; you’ve just built your house with all the bells and whistles, so green it would make Al Gore squeal like a school girl. But the problem is, you’re in a subdivision that requires a 10-minute drive just to get a cup of coffee and your nearest neighbor is a quarter mile away, since you couldn’t get away with a full roof of solar panels and a rain water collection tank in the city.

Well, if it’s LEED certification you had your heart set on, don’t sweat it. Once LEED gets standards for new construction hammered out, they are likely to follow up with criteria for existing homes as well. For the rest of you who just want a few noninvasive tips for saving water and energy – hang in there; we’ve got more to come next Wednesday!

(This is probably not going to win a LEED-ND certification…)

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24 Comments

  1. markg February 16, 2009 at 8:19 pm

    raising the floor in the “hot and humid climates?”…hello, …damp, mold, mildew, fungus, rot, odor…and all manner of creepy crawlies. all helped by improved air circulation! …also elevates the windows and doors for more of the natural breezes, if any, and gets more of the structure off the damp ground (higher rainfalls/ general dampness)???

  2. andrew March 8, 2008 at 2:57 pm

    “There is a reason that houses in hot humid climates are traditionally raised on platforms”…. what is the reason?

  3. Azzurra November 4, 2006 at 11:37 pm

    Buon luogo, congratulazioni, il mio amico!

  4. E.J. Bisch September 27, 2006 at 2:43 pm

    I enjoyed the story and comments concerning “Location and Community” but, would like to add a few more items to the checklist.
    *Look up, try not to locate under high voltage power lines
    *try not to locate near rail facilities
    *try not to locate near hazardous material storage sites or landfills
    *try not to locate near industrial sites
    These areas and industries can possibily be bad for your health or well being.
    Pax,ej

  5. Stephen July 17, 2006 at 8:51 pm

    It’s great to see green building becoming such a hot topic of conversation. The LEED system is a great start but it’s only five years old and there are a lot of ways it could be substantially improved. Tailoring LEED for different types of development- homes, neighborhoods, existing buildings, etc.- has certainly been one positive step in the right direction. My blog tracks green projects as they’re announced and also tries to provide a constructive critique of the various LEED rating systems. It also contains links to some important green building resources. Please check it out if you get the chance- thanks!

  6. Deb Lord July 5, 2006 at 5:27 pm

    I have purchased and am restoring an 80 year old home in the center of Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico where the cost and polution (grade #6 diesel oil powered plant) of electricity is outrageous. Can you help me develop a solar and water plan for this home that won’t cost a fortune? Why is solar development still so expensive? and why hasn’t it become the primary source for power in countries that have year round sun power free for the harnessing of it? What would help this government care about it’s environment more and promote solar efficiency? I’m thrilled to get any ideas at all, I am a new ‘greenie” with a biosand water filter project here in Mexico. Thanks.

  7. Fifi Henderson July 5, 2006 at 12:21 pm

    Please add me to your newsletter list!

  8. Inhabitat » Blog ... July 5, 2006 at 4:52 am

    [...] Welcome back to Green Building 101! Last week we covered how to select an environmentally responsible location for your new abode; this week we’ll begin discussing ways you can improve upon any home site. The SUSTAINABLE SITES section of USGBC’s LEED-H Program outlines various “green” opportunities for reducing the negative impact your home has on the environment. The great thing about these principles is that most can be implemented anytime, regardless of whether you’re still in the design process, or if you’ve been in your home for a lifetime. [...]

  9. Kurt Thompson, KDT Con... July 4, 2006 at 1:53 pm

    I am a custom builder in St.George, Utah of Southwest Style Homes. I have been building my homes with ICF’s and metal framing for the past six years. About a year and a half ago I bought a Spray rig and rceived the training to instal Polyurethane Foam Insulation and flat roof coatinigs. I have enjoyed the great R values and effective
    R values that this product provides. Since I am in an area of the country where the sun is a real issue I plan for maximum sun control and passive solar gain. Positioning of the home on the lot is crucial for solar and visual benefits. I also take great care in protecting the naurlal vegitation on the lot and only disturbe the area of the building footprint. I enjoy what I do and appreciate your site for further info on how I can provide better value to my cliennts. Thank you.

  10. Alison McDougall-Weil July 3, 2006 at 9:54 pm

    Nice to see an active personal interest in this topic. However, one issue which has not come up at all is the disucssion about the city itself as a cultural/social/psychic/physical environment, and one which requires careful thought. It is sensible to use infill land; but what of the time when there isn’t any and they come to found New New York? or New London? the models for city building make massive presumptions about economic needs as a measure of human needs and community comes from public transport – the basic assumptions are always centred on what histrorians will note as ‘context’ and economists call ‘reality’.

    Economic life is a big part of defining how we live, of course – but it is not the full story of realtiy. Even architecture has to have economics – hard cash money – to be built, green crediantials or not.

    I’d like to encourage everyone to think about economics and the city, and I hope you’ll end up at philosophy & humanity and the city, and perhaps re-think what ‘eco’ means. If it’s a new approach to life, great. If it’s nitpicking over whether 15% is ‘enough’ energy for a building to supply of its total needs to count as green, forget it. Splitting hairs on a bald guy.

    Peace, love, and modern philosphy (e.g. in its original sense – the application of ethics to practical knowledge)

    Alison

  11. James July 2, 2006 at 3:18 pm

    Seeking out lots or buildings formerly used for industrial purposes seems like a potential human health issue. Bringing dormant industrial areas back to life requires circumspection; Maybe a note of caution is required.
    People are often not even informed of the Pre-Renovation Ruling regarding lead; and more often, the presence of potentialy harmful industrial toxins.

    Peace,
    James

  12. Sydney July 1, 2006 at 5:07 pm

    Kaitlin -

    There is a strong, thriving Green Building community here in NYC. A lot of press goes to the big skyscrapers lately, but there are a number of smaller, sustainable projects that have gone up or are in the works. A great way to be exposed to these projects is to attend one of the Green building tours put on by Green Home NYC – an absolutely fantastic resource. Their website is: http://www.greenhomenyc.org

    They also have an “ask the expert” section, where, if you’re really interested in buying a brownstone and “greening” it, they may be able to point you towards a few architects who specialize in that. As an example of a beautiful and successful green reno/convert, take a look at the Ice House in Brooklyn. There was a large article in the NY Times a few years ago. Here’s the website for an article in Metropolis Magazine:
    http://www.metropolismag.com/html/sustainable/case/brooklynicehouse.html

    Also, by virtue of the density and access to Mass Transit, I would wager that the majority of the homes in the 5 boroughs would much of the criteria laid out in the LEED ND rating standard. There is a statistic that people who live in NYC use significantly less energy and have significantly less CO2 emissions than anyone living elsewhere in the country.

  13. Eric J June 30, 2006 at 2:22 pm

    My aplogizes, it’s the third photo from the bottom not the second.

    Eric J

  14. Eric J June 30, 2006 at 2:20 pm

    Nice work on breaking down the LEED categories into terms that are more relative to the masses!

    I work 2 blocks up the Pearl Street Mall in Boulder, CO from where the second to last photo was taken. Our office is the nation’s first LEED-CI Gold project and believe me it makes a big difference.

    I spent my first 26 years in the suburbian wasteland where the auto was king and with no or little other options for transport and little or no regard for sustainability. I’ve now spent the past 11 in a forward thinking community where bike paths are the first to receive attention during a snow storm. Its refreshing to see so many waking to the need to design smarter more vibrant communities based on people instead of cars.

    I look forward to your future sections!

    Eric J
    LEED™ Accredited Professional

  15. matt r June 30, 2006 at 12:38 pm

    absolutely terrific article. as a full-time ‘leed guy,’ and lifelong treehugger, it’s really hard to take leed and make it a living thing. as they say over at treehugger.com, it’s ‘design by excel spreadsheet.’ i love that phrase.

    anyway, thanks, and looking forward to more.

  16. Michael G. Richard June 29, 2006 at 10:42 pm

    Excellent post, am looking forward to the rest of the series!

  17. matt June 29, 2006 at 7:36 pm

    could you please caption all of your photographs and identify where they were taken?

    Thank you, this article is very helpful.

  18. Eric S. Johansson June 29, 2006 at 7:21 pm

    the one thing left out of most housing sustainable or otherwise is soundproofing. This is especially true in multifamily housing. sound proofing is insufficient if you can hear your neighbors from house to house at any time under any circumstances. Doesn’t matter if they’re having a wild party or are merely sawing up their dinner guests with a chainsaw. If you can hear them, they’re too close.

    some other nits:

    1. Yes, I would put up with a multihour commute if I truly loved where I live.especially if I didn’t have many neighbors. Over my lifetime, my commutes have ranged from as little as 10 minutes walking to and hour and a half driving. There was no way I was going to move houses every two years to stay “close” to industrial parks or urban centers.

    3.the car is your only option if you want to commute in a reasonable amount of time. Public transport always takes longer and is still dead time.

    4. only if you are an extrovert. Introverts typically find a close-knit communities exhausting and draining.

    and while LEEDs compliant buildings are being constructed, most of them are rather pedestrian on the interior and the developers are inflexible when it comes to changing floor plan. To me, a superb house is a box, a well insulated soundproof box. Interior walls can be added, moved, removed as needs change. Nothing should be nailed down except maybe for plumbing, heating and air-conditioning.

    Did I mention the soundproofing? Really need to have good soundproofing. there’s nothing worse than hearing a neighbor’s headboard bang against the wall every other night when you’re not getting any.

  19. Kaitlin June 29, 2006 at 1:10 pm

    I live in New York City, where, lets face it, Green living is the least of people’s concerns when building residential or commercial. Do any of you know any buildings that meet LEED-ND standards? And, if I were to buy property (a brownstone), how hard/expensive it would be to convert the space.

  20. Allysen June 28, 2006 at 11:57 pm

    Great start to your Wednesday column. I’m not an architect and didn’t know about LEEDs; I look forward to learning more. This column reminded me of my reaction to a new home that a friend had moved to The home was lovely, but going out for anything at all meant getting on a highway and driving 15 minutes or more. Everyone in the neighborhood was in the same boat and they all drove, never walked, didn’t see each other outside and didn’t know each other. No one could pay me enough to live there.

  21. Teresa O'Rourke June 28, 2006 at 4:10 pm

    It all makes perfect sense. I am a real estate broker in Tulsa, OK whose focus is on sustainable communities. (A little know thing around these parts, but growing in numbers the last few years) I would like all the info I can get, to further promote this life-style.

  22. Jill Fehrenbacher Jill June 28, 2006 at 2:40 pm

    Great point Craig! For those of you interested in learning more about vernacular architecture, here are some places to start:

    http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Vernacular.html

    Architecture without Architects

  23. Craig June 28, 2006 at 12:46 pm

    How do you suggest people research what works best in a region when most vernaculars have been eradicated by the housing monoculture for several generations? I’ve lived in the south my entire life and never knew that homes here ‘were traditionally raised on platforms,’ since every house I’ve lived in was on a slab. (I don’t know that I ever heard the term ‘dogtrot’ until I was 38!) If you don’t know of any resources to point readers to, please consider a few articles on this topic. I’m guessing more than a few readers would appreciate it! Thanks!

  24. Pete Surber June 28, 2006 at 11:52 am

    Am living and working in Ithaca, NY as an architect in a very small design/build residential architecture firm. Love your website and love the message!!! The writing is clear and concise, the layout and navigation is soothing and elementary. Great job throughout– keep up the great work and PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE put me on the newsletter and keep me in the loop of all the GREEN NEWS!!!

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