Mahesh Basantani

HABITAT 2020: Future Smart 'Living' Architecture

by , 07/09/08

Habitat 2020, Off-grid membrane, living architecture, biomimetic architecture, China green architecture, green building, biomimicry architecture, energy efficiency buildings, living structures, smart buildings

One of the most effective ways to cut down the ecological footprint of buildings is to follow the lead of nature through biomimicry. Habitat 2020 is a future forward example of biomimetic architecture that fuses high-tech ideas with basic cellular functions to create ‘living’ structures that operate like natural organisms. This nature-inspired approach to city living looks at the urban landscape as a dynamic and ever-evolving ecosystem. Within this cityscape, buildings open, close, breathe and adapt according to their environment.


Habitat 2020, Off-grid membrane, living architecture, biomimetic architecture, China green architecture, green building, biomimicry architecture, energy efficiency buildings, living structures, smart buildings, 2020_1.jpg

The Habitat 2020 building is envisioned for China, and radically alters our perception of a structure’s surface. The exterior has been designed as a living skin, rather than a system of inert materials used only for construction and protection. The skin behaves like a membrane which serves as a connection between the exterior and interior of the habitat. Alternatively, the skin may be considered as the leaf surface having several stomata, cellular openings involved in gaseous exchange and transpiration in plants.

Habitat 2020, Off-grid membrane, living architecture, biomimetic architecture, China green architecture, green building, biomimicry architecture, energy efficiency buildings, living structures, smart buildings, 2020_2.jpg

The surface would allow the entry of light, air and water into the housing. It would automatically position itself according to the sunlight and let in light; thus electricity for lighting would not be needed during the day. The air and wind would be channeled into the building and filtered to provide clean air and natural air-conditioning. The active skin would be capable of rain water harvesting where water would be purified, filtered, used and recycled. The skin could even absorb moisture from the air. The waste produced would be converted into biogas energy that could be put to diverse uses in the habitat.

+ Philips Design Probes

Via EcoFriend

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5 Comments

  1. arki123456 June 26, 2010 at 11:01 am

    wat is the skin of the building made of???

  2. arki123456 June 26, 2010 at 11:00 am

    what is the skin made of…i mean the material???

  3. Biogreenproject March 10, 2009 at 5:09 pm

    so interesting……….

  4. csven July 9, 2008 at 9:19 pm

    fwiw, Philips has been using Second Life to discuss this issue (they have an educational area set up which streams a movie and which has a very basic representation of a “living” building as shown above). From what I’ve seen so far, the biggest problem has been lack of interest/participation, which is a shame since worthwhile critical discussion of the concept seems to be stifled as a result.

  5. meredith July 9, 2008 at 2:21 pm

    This skin looks amazing. do you know when it will be released for homeowners to start implementing into their homes?

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