French architect Jean Prouvé was making modular, affordable prefab buildings -- and furniture -- way before IKEA existed. The 'factory man' designed a series of Demountable Houses back in the 40s that could be mass-produced to shelter refugees after a war. One of these dwellings, Maison 8x8 (1948) is currently on display for the first time in Miami.
Jean Prouvé’s Demountable Houses were designed according to the principles of prefabrication, flexibility and mobility, as well as functionality and rational fabrication. His main achievement was transferring manufacturing technology from industry to architecture without compromising aesthetics. Prouvé, together with Le Corbusier, was part of The French Union of Modern Artists and a he was a master of metalworking – a craft he used in his demountable shelters.
One of Prouvé’s Demountable Houses, Maison 8×8, is an 8 square meter dwelling made from durable metal frames with a wooden roof and floor beams. 64 square meters provides an acceptable amount of living space while allowing the project to be quickly and easily constructed. Prouvé used one of these shelters as his own office — now a monument — and if you are in Miami you can check out Maison 8×8 at Galerie Patrick Seguin during Design Miami 2013.