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Holly McWhorter

Santa and the 'Shrooms: The Real Story Behind the "Design" of Christmas

by , 12/25/13

christmas, siberian shamanism, santa claus, santa, amanita muscaria, fly agaric, christmas mushrooms, christmas design

When the shaman went out to gather the mushrooms, he would wear an red outfit with either white trim or white dots, in honor of the mushroom’s colors. And because at that time of year the whole region was usually covered in deep snow, he, like everyone, wore tall boots of reindeer skin that would by then be blackened from exposure. He’d gather the tree-dried fly agarics and some reindeer urine in a large sack, then return home to his yurt (the traditional form of housing for people of this region at that time), where some of the higher-ups of the village would have gathered to join in the solstice ceremony.

traditional Siberian yurt

But how would he get into a yurt whose door was blocked by several feet of snow? He’d climb up to the roof with his bag of goodies, go to the hole in the center of the roof that acted as a chimney, and slide down the central pole that held the yurt up over the fireplace. Then he’d pass out a few ‘shrooms to each guest, and some might even partake of some of the ones that had been hung over the fire. Clearly, this idea of using the chimney to get in and pass out the magic mushrooms (and other goodies) had sticking power. Interestingly, even as late as Victorian times in England, the traditional symbol of chimney sweeps was a fly agaric mushroom — and many early Christmas cards featured chimney sweeps with fly agarics, though no explanation of why was offered.

christmas, siberian shamanism, santa claus, santa, amanita muscaria, fly agaric, christmas mushrooms, christmas design

Interestingly, in addition to inducing hallucinations, the mushrooms stimulate the muscular system so strongly that those who eat them take on temporarily superhuman strength, in the same way we might be affected by a surge of adrenaline in a life-or-death situation. And the effect is the same for animals. So any reindeer who’d had a tasty mushroom snack or a little yellow snow would become literally high and mighty, prancing around and often jumping so high they looked like they were flying. And at the same time, the high would make humans feel like they were flying, too, and the reindeer were flying through space. So by now you can see where this is going: The legend had it that the shaman and the reindeer would fly to the north star (which sits directly over the north pole) to retrieve the gifts of knowledge, which they would then distribute to the rest of the village.

It seems that these traditions were carried down into Great Britain by way of the ancient druids, whose spiritual practices had taken on elements that had originated much farther north. Then, in the inevitable way that different cultures influence one another due to migration and intermarriage, these stories got mixed with certain Germanic and Nordic myths involving Wotan (the most powerful Germanic god), Odin (his Nordic counterpart) or another great god going on a midnight winter solstice ride, chased by devils, on an eight-legged horse. The exertion of the chase would make flecks of red and white blood and foam fall from the horse’s mouth to the ground, where the next year amanita mushrooms would appear. Apparently over time, this European story of a horse with eight legs, united with the ancient Arctic circle story of reindeer prancing and flying around on the same night, melted together into eight prancing, flying reindeer.

That story then crossed the pond to the New World with the early English settlers, and got an injection of Dutch traditions involving the Turkish St. Nicholas (who came to be called Sinterklaas by small Dutch children) from the Dutch colonialists — and found immortality in its current form in early 20th-century America, with Clement Clark Moore’s famous poem “A Visit from St. Nicholas.” Before this poem hit the press, different immigrant groups around the U.S. each had their own different versions of the Santa Claus legend. Then in the 1930s, Coca Cola’s ad campaign gave Santa his sizable girth and sent him back around the world. And so in that spirit, a merry Christmas to all who celebrate it!

+ Fly Agaric

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7 Comments

  1. Fetter Illustrations Art January 16, 2014 at 11:13 am

    Drug induced visions have seemed to have shaped our society’s holiday’s as well as it’s religions………………..imagine that!
    Why live in the real world when you can make one up that is much better that the masses will follow financially, lol, Lol.

  2. hjp December 24, 2013 at 9:13 pm

    I”ve heard many of these details before, and agree that sources would be helpful (I don’t have ‘em, sorry.) One weak link: yurts do not have a center pole. The weight of the roof rafters rest on the central compression ring, and the whole assemblage rests on a cable, resting on the diagonal lattice structure of the walls. That diagonal structure, though made of light branches or lathes, distributes the weight in such a way that no central support pole is necessary. It’s a long drop to the floor from the chimney hole/compression ring – but I suppose if the door were buried in snow, a pole could be erected for the express purpose of egress.

  3. MagicMycoMike December 23, 2013 at 3:08 pm

    That’s because most people have trouble swallowing psychedelic anything

  4. Raoni Costa December 22, 2013 at 9:36 am

    yes……pleeease give us some sources. it really sounds true, but we need sources!!!

  5. real December 21, 2013 at 4:27 pm

    Turkay was not in existance when St. NICHOLAS lived. The area was part of the Byzantine Empire whose population was made up of many ethnicities. St. Nicholas was a christian bishop of Greek descent, living in this empire.

  6. Anthony Brasher December 19, 2013 at 2:18 am

    Is there any sources? Assuming it’s as true as it sounds, most folks will have a hard time swallowing psychedelic santa clause

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