London-based Twelve Architects & Masterplanners recently won a competition to redesign the the Yuzhny Greenfield Airport in Rostov province, southern Russia. Funded by the Airports of the Regions (part of the Renova Group), the terminal will be completed just in time for the 2018 World Cup, meeting an initial demand of 5 million passengers a year. The concept for the airport terminal is inspired by the analogy that an airport should be a ‘sky-bridge’ that connects cities and countries across the world. This idea is realized through a unique roof that forms a series of elegant bridge arches.
The airport’s design also makes reference to the River Don, which is the origin of the city. Facilities in the area such as the train station, car park, hotel and office buildings are connected through the central landscape. Architects intend to respond to the local climate and create an environmentally sensitive solution that embraces passive design and renewable energy that responds to both summer and winter climates.
Inside the terminal, international and domestic zones are represented by the orientation of the roof arches and an 8m wide, glazed skylight, while three larger arches highlight the principal routes for passengers navigating the arrival and departure zones. Accounting for future growth, the terminal building is organized using a repetitive 16x16m grid that can easily accommodate increased demands, topped off with a roof composed of four repeated elements arranged asymmetrically.
The design by Twelve Architects beat out ten other practices during the competition for being the most unique and memorable of the entries. It will cost approximately $970,000 to complete, and was described by Jivan Vartanian, Minster of Transport for Rostov, as a project that may look too risky now, but one that will become the most advanced in the future.
Images by Twelve Architects & Masterplanners