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Zaha Hadid's Qatar World Cup Stadium Uses Passive Design to Tackle Desert Heat
Zaha Hadid Architects just unveiled plans for the first of up to nine stadiums that will be constructed for the Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup. Located in Al Wakrah, a fishing port 15km south of Doha, the 40,000-seat venue will make use of passive design features to keep the venue cool during the scorching summer months. The stadium’s overall design was influenced by the shape of a traditional Arab dhow, a local fishing boat that can be found in the nearby port.
The stadium’s shape will protect players and spectators from the sun throughout the day, but mechanical air-conditioning will still need to be used to bring the venue’s temperature down to a bearable 27°C. Even though Fifa said last month that they might move the tournament to the winter months, Zaha Hadid has partnered with architecture and engineering firm AECOM to develop innovative ways to keep the structure cool.
Zaha Hadid’s stadium will use much less steel than other arenas, relying instead on engineered timber. It will be have a capacity for 40,000 spectators, half of which is provided by temporary seating that can be removed afterwards. This will allow the stadium to go into “legacy” mode once the tournament has finished, providing the nation with a 20,000 seat sporting arena.
Images by Zaha Hadid Architects
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