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Memorial, monument, architecture, design, Memorial Day, Jewish Museum Berlin, Daniel Libeskind, Berlin, Jewish Museum, Holocaust, deconstructivism, Star of David

1. Light and darkness contrast in Daniel Libeskind’s Jewish Museum Berlin

One of the most moving memorial buildings ever created, Daniel Liebeskind’s Jewish Museum in Berlin, utilizes architecture to take visitors on a journey through some of humanity’s darkest moments during the Holocaust, when millions of people were murdered by the Nazis. From above, the museum appears to be an “exploded Star of David.” Sharp angles and zigzagging hallways take visitors on a contemplative journey to the Holocaust Tower, Garden of Exile, and Stair of Continuity. The strong design of the museum stands out from other buildings nearby, bringing attention to its important purpose.

Memorial, monument, architecture, design, Memorial Day, National 9/11 Memorial, Michael Arad, Twin Towers, New York City, 9/11, 9/11 monument, September 11, September 11 memorial, September 11 monument, reflecting pools, man-made waterfalls

2. Reflecting pools allow contemplation at the National 9/11 Memorial by Michael Arad

Right where the Twin Towers used to stand in New York City, Michael Arad designed the National 9/11 Memorial to capture the enormous loss and invite visitors to reflect. Carved in bronze, the names of those who died on September 11 surround two massive reflecting pools with the biggest man-made waterfalls in America. The simplicity of the memorial contrasts with the grandiose scale, evoking the sense that each loss is incredibly personal while remembering so many died and were impacted that day.

Memorial, monument, architecture, design, Memorial Day, Ishi-no-kinendo, Koishikawa Architects, Japan, earthquake, 2011 Japan earthquake, cherry tree, stainless steel

3. Earthquake debris utilized in Ishi-no-kinendo Memorial by Koishikawa Architects

In the aftermath of Japan’s 2011 earthquake, 18,000 people died or went missing. Tokyo’s Koishikawa Architects created a memorial, called Ishi-no-kinendo, from the rubble of a city hit hard on Japan’s east coast. Lines etched into mirrored stainless steel on top of the monument point mourners to the other locations impacted by the earthquake so they can grieve the loss of loved ones around the country. Since the earthquake struck in the spring, a nearby cherry tree that blossoms that time of year adds natural beauty to the monument.

Memorial, monument, architecture, design, Memorial Day, Qatar World Cup Memorial, 1 Week 1 Project, Axel de Stampa, Sylvain Macaux, migrant workers, migrant worker death, stadium, tower, scalable, scalable tower

4. Axel de Stampa and Sylvain Macaux’s Qatar World Cup Memorial tower is scalable

Over 1,000 migrant workers in Qatar have already perished in the lead up to the 2022 World Cup Stadium. Architects Axel de Stampa and Sylvain Macaux imagined a scalable tower commemorating those people as part of their experimental 1 Week 1 Project effort. Their Qatar World Cup Memorial would draw attention to the country’s reprehensible labor practices, and could grow as more die to build the stadium under conditions some have described as akin to slavery. They said if nothing changes for these workers, the memorial might stretch close to a mile in the sky.

Memorial, monument, architecture, design, Memorial Day, Chapel of Reconciliation, Berlin, Rudolf Reitermann, Peter Sassenroth, minimalism, chapel, minimalist chapel, rammed-earth, rammed-earth architecture

5. Chapel of Reconciliation by Rudolf Reitermann and Peter Sassenroth on old no-man’s-land

Architects Rudolf Reitermann and Peter Sassenroth utilized rammed-earth architecture to create a minimalist chapel between what was once East Berlin and West Berlin. They erected their Chapel of Reconciliation on the site of a former church torn down in 1985 for “security measures.” Some materials from the demolished church were incorporated in the new chapel in remembrance of what was lost when Berlin was divided. The building also usher in a new era through the use of “sustainable natural methods” in its construction.

9/ll Memorial image © Amanda Silvana Coen for Inhabitat; other images via Daniel Libeskind, Koji Fujii/Nacasa & Partners, 1 Week 1 Project, and jaime.silva on Flickr