“Ecologically produced fashion does not necessarily have to be expensive. But if you’re part of a slow process, with craft techniques, small manufacturers, and everyone in the chain of production gets fair wages, it’s understandable that the end product is going to be more expensive than a t-shirt produced cheaply in the catastrophic conditions in Bangladesh, for example. You always have to consider what goes into the cost.

Cheaply produced clothing doesn’t compensate for the resulting environmental damage. If we add these costs into the end price, then ecologically produced clothing would be cheaper, because it doesn’t lead to damage that will later affect the public.”

—Friederike von Wedel-Parlow, director of the Esmod Berlin International University of Art for Fashion, which offers a master’s program in sustainability in fashion, speaking to Deutsche Welle ahead of Berlin Fashion Week.