The ongoing civil war in Syria is creating the worst humanitarian crisis of our time. People are leaving their homes and taking incredible risks to reach European countries. Migration and refugee movements in the Mediterranean countries have gained unprecedented momentum in recent months, shedding light on issues such as economic inequality, international terrorism and lack of social care. Trying to reach safety, refugees are forced to cross inaccessible places and travel under extreme weather conditions. In order to alleviate some of these problems, Greek designer Spiros Koulias of 360 Architects designed a large-scale building carved into a steep coastal cliff that would host refugees and migrants at entry points and passages.
The 22-story structure would offer temporary accommodation to refugees, provide an optimal standard of living and enable authorities to document the influx of people and collect data. Named (SLICE) Refugee Hospitality Center, the building is made up of small living units that rise from sea level and run along the entire height of the cliff. Capsules can grow in height or length depending on the cultural data.
The design can be seen as a skeleton that allows different types of units to be added. It can also be applied to different topological configurations. One of the main features of the building is the fact that almost 80 percent of its total area is located inside the rock. Koulias designed the structure as a case study that has 22 floors and can accommodate 500-600 people per unit.