Photo: Justin Cozart
In addition to building codes, Japan is adamant about educating their citizens on preparedness. Along with a high-tech tsunami early-warning system, Japan’s coastal communities regularly practice drills, and every residence is equipped with emergency alarms that are triggered by quake sensors. Moreover, all throughout the country, immediately after an earthquake strikes in Japan, all television and radio stations must switch to official earthquake coverage to provide thorough information of public of risks, including tsunamis, to enable people to retreat to higher ground or, if on the coast, purpose-built tsunami defense bunkers. And for those who may find themselves in offices or private homes, it is not unlikely that an earthquake emergency kit will be nearby, including dry rations, drinking water, and basic medical supplies. Offices and schools are also required to keep hard-hats and gloves on hand for use in the event of a quake.