Gallery: Steven Holl Completes Green-Roofed Nanjing Museum of Art & Arc...

Image ©Steven Holl Architects
 
Steven Holl has nearly completed construction on his much anticipated Museum of Art & Architecture in Nanjing. Now that just site work and landscaping is left to finish, the museum rises as a series of elevated linear volumes set above a field of grass and black-stained concrete volumes. The museum celebrates Chinese art and architecture and is based on the Chinese theory of 'parallel perspectives' -- it explores shifting viewpoints and layers in space, while taking advantage atmospheric mists and surrounding water. Green design, recycled materials and energy-efficient geothermal heating and cooling play a large role in the museum's design.

As Western painters developed vanishing points from a fixed perspective after the 13th Century, Chinese painters rejected the single-point vanishing method. Instead of focusing on single point, Chinese painters chose to acknowledge ‘parallel perspectives’, which allowed viewers to travel within the painting. This theory of Chinese painting inspired Holl when he designed the Nanjing Museum of Art & Architecture – a series of shifting viewpoints, layers, passages, and paths that morph and change. The museum serves as a field with multiple parallel views that encourage the eyes and eventually the body to flow through the space.

The project is located on a rural site at the gateway to the Contemporary International Practical Exhibition of Architecture in the lush green landscape of the Pearl Spring near Nanjing, China. The foundation for the museum is a green field with diagonal paths. Views are directed by concrete walls, and straight passages on the ground floor ascend into winding passages elevate the linear volume above the floor plane. This upper gallery unwinds in a counterclockwise direction, leading to views of the city of Nanjing in the distance.

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