Dutch-born Boyan Slat was just 19 years old when he developed a net-like device to collect and sort trash from the ocean. Three years later, the Ocean Cleanup Project is gearing up to take on one of the biggest messes on the planet: the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the world’s largest marine trash vortex which spans an area larger than the size of Texas. Slat and his team are in the midst of an aerial survey of the floating island of debris, with a specific focus on “ghost nets,” the name given to discarded fishing nets that are among the most harmful forms of man-made waste found in the ocean. Today, Slat spoke to members of the scientific community and media in Mountain View, California to reveal results of the first-ever aerial survey of ocean plastic, which show that the problem is far worse than anyone anticipated. Inhabitat was on the scene to get all the details and talk to Slat about cleaning up our oceans.
The concept behind the Ocean Cleanup Array is so simple that many have criticized the device as being “too good to be true,” especially given the project’s $2.2 million price tag. However, the results of a year-long feasibility study and a test run in the North Sea this summer prove the contraption works. Slat aims, though, to clean up 42 percent of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch’s plastic pollution in the next 10 years, and that goal will likely take much more than the initial crowdfunded budget. Critics say the cost is higher than the reward, but they might change their minds when they find out how big the problem really is.
A bird’s eye view of ocean trash
The controversy exists in part because nobody really knows how much plastic trash is floating in the ocean. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) first reported on the existence of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in 1988 but due to its size and location, it has been difficult to assess just how much trash is caught up in the vortex. Slat’s Ocean Cleanup Project is attempting to find out, by deploying two low-speed, low-altitude reconnaissance flights from Moffett Airfield in its modified C-130 Hercules aircraft (named “Ocean Force One”) outfitted with high-tech sensors and expert spotters. The main drive behind the aerial survey is to identify and count the ghost nets, which have been deemed one of the biggest threats to marine animals. Today, Slat shared the initial findings of the first aerial survey, which took place yesterday along the northern edge of the Garbage Patch.
Flight one successfully completed! Initial results will be shared at press conference Monday 11am PT. We’ll be broadcasting live here on Facebook.
Posted by The Ocean Cleanup on Sunday, October 2, 2016
Slat spent some time explaining the technology used to assess the Garbage Patch. “One of [the reasons we’re using such a large aircraft] is the size of our crew… Really the only way to get there is to have an aircraft with a very large range. Even with this aircraft, we had to install two additional large fuel tanks to get the range that we needed to get all the way to the Garbage Patch,” said Slat about the 1,000-mile trip to the middle of the Pacific Ocean. He went on to explain that the aircraft was outfitted with “experimental sensors” being used for the first time to detect plastic in the ocean. Human observers were also on board to keep notes of their observations to aid in the expedition’s goal. They also used lidar technology (like radar, but using light) to get 3D images of objects under the surface of the water.
What kind of trash is in the ocean?
While it’s widely known that massive amounts of plastic trash have evaded the waste collection process and found their way into open waters, not all of the debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is made of plastic. Ghost nets are one key exception, and they wind up floating in the ocean when fishing boats leave them behind after they become entangled on a reef, rocky sea floor, or other debris. It’s not difficult to imagine how marine creatures can become trapped in these nearly invisible nets, unable to free themselves, since that is precisely the purpose of a fishing net. Although these nets are a major threat, much of the rest of the debris found in the Garbage Patch is small, confetti-like pieces of plastic and other materials that have been broken down over time, simultaneously making it easier for marine creatures to ingest them and making it more difficult to catch them with a cleanup net.
Aerial Expedition – Ocean Force One TourTake a tour aboard the Ocean Force One, which is set to map the Great Pacific Garbage Patch this weekend.
Posted by The Ocean Cleanup on Thursday, September 29, 2016
Inhabitat had the chance to speak with Slat about the project. We asked how he was feeling about the prospect of cleaning up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch after seeing it from the sky. “Sometimes there is a lot of talk about this just stuff being just small pieces or there not being a garbage patch, I think it is just sort of very hard to deny when you look at it out of the door of an aircraft and you just see this stuff everywhere,” he said. “There is a lot of stuff out there, it is certainly more than we thought. As time goes by we actually start to start to feel more and more confident that we will be able to clean it up.”
Slat estimates that a 62-mile long (100km) Ocean Cleanup array could clean up 50 percent of the patch, which aligns with previous feasibility studies, but Slat says the team is working on improving that. “We’re really trying to optimize the design, to make it higher,” he told us. “We’re always asking the question how can we make it more efficient, how can we make it faster, how can we make it cheaper.”
When will the Ocean Cleanup Array tackle the Great Pacific Garbage Patch?
Despite ongoing criticisms, Slat remains confident that his Ocean Cleanup Array is an effective solution to one of the biggest environmental disasters on the globe, and his team is looking forward to a full deployment in the Pacific Ocean by 2020. In the meantime, a series of expeditions are being conducted to measure the size and scope of the Garbage Patch in order to plan cleanup efforts. A ‘Mega Expedition’ of 30 vessels ventured across the center of the Garbage Patch in the summer of 2015 and worked to create the first high-resolution map of the trash vortex. The ongoing Aerial Expedition will cover some 2,316 square miles, an area 300 times the size of last year’s research mission. A Pacific Pilot test program is slated for the second half of 2017, inching closer to the 2020 launch date.
You can watch the entire press conference here:
NOW LIVE: Aerial Expedition press conference
Posted by The Ocean Cleanup on Monday, October 3, 2016