The Museo del Bicentenario blends history and modern technology in an elegant and conscientious way, deep under Buenos Aires’ Pink Governmental House. Its 54,000 square foot galleries stretch in and out of a bright and wide patio area and a beautifully-restored building.
The museum is settled within the city’s former fort structure, once used from 1580 until 1855 when it was then transformed into the site for Taylor Customs welcoming people and goods in from the Old World. From 1957 on, the structure served as the Governmental Pink House Museum, and now the building is the newly restored Museo del Bicentenario.
Designed by a group of engineers, architects, restoration specialists and the Federal Planning and Public Investment Ministry, many original features like old wooden beams that come out from the pink stone walls reminds visitors and the museum staff the importance of working with long-lasting sustainable materials, which at the same time, touch on the romance of the historic site.
As soon as one enters the building, descending the stairs to the lower levels, they are immediately met with a naturally-lit patio area that opens up to unveil red brick ruins mixed with contemporary Argentine art. A highlight in the collection — protected inside a glass cube — is an emblematic wall painting by Mexican artist David Alfaro Sequeiros. Soldiers and information spots are located throughout the galleries and are there to educate visitors on the important historical moments of Argentina.
Many found objects like pieces of broken British pottery, glass and animal bones are exhibited in chronological order and now glow under bright LED lights. Old buildings parts, some of them dating back to the beginning of the 18th century, reveal enchanting stories from the past.
While walking through the swirling underground galleries, visitors can begin to understand Argentina’s history through a wide variety of mediums. Past presidents’ personal objects, films and paintings help to tell the story of a country that has been through a tumultuous past. The contrast between the variety of exhibition mediums, contrasting with the old brick structures and soft lighting, is what makes Museo del Bicentenario a hidden underground treasure.
A painting of Buenos Aires ‘inaugural act’ by Spanish conquistador Juan de Garay illustrates the history in paint. By law everybody had to attend to a city’s opening, but the picture shows how natives didn’t understand what was going on. Another relic, a wooden post from the old port still stands at the museum’s patio.
At the end of the wide patio area is the museum’s café, with tables that make the most of the natural light coming in from the glass roof and a bar serving drinks inside a tunnel. There is also space for a brightly colored modern painting of a battle by Luis Felipe Noe, which hangs from the wall, wedged between pieces of architectural history.
The Museo del Bicentenario is ten meters below street level and has the ability to spark the imagination of anyone curious as to how Buenos Aires used to be. The use of natural light from the glass roof, the atmospheric LED lightning within the galleries, and the latest technology for controlling humidity and temperature makes for a fantastic contrast between the old and the new.
The use of mixed-media to tell the story of Argentina gives visitors a complete picture and presses them to make their own investigations by reading the history embedded in the objects on display, old walls, photographs and modern paintings. Because it is not only the historians that write history, but also the people.
+ Museo del Bicentenario
Photo © Ana Lisa Alperovich for Inhabitat