HOW TO: Switch Your Light Bulbs And Get Ready for the Big Light Bulb Phase-Out

by , 05/18/12

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By now, most of you have probably heard about the incandescent light bulb phase-out starting this year (likely as a result of the ridiculous political bickering about the lighting legislation in the count-down to the end of 2011). However, a quick survey of your friends will reveal that few of us actually understand what it entails. The law is merely a way to encourage consumers to purchase more energy-efficient light bulbs – such as LEDs – that will save money and energy, both resources that we could all use more of at the moment. If you’re still unclear about what the incandescent phase-out means in terms of what kinds of light bulbs you’ll be able to find at stores in the coming years, or how you can switch to LED light bulbs while still maintaining the same quality and quantity of light supplied by your old incandescents, read on as we spell it out for you in our easy guide. And though we will be seeing less and less of Thomas Edison‘s most famous invention over the next few years, we think that even Mr. Edison would be swapping his incandescent bulbs for LEDs if he were alive today!

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Despite what some Republicans have been claiming, the Energy Independence and Security Act does not ban incandescent light bulbs. Instead, it mandates that new light bulbs sold in stores be at least 25% more efficient than current models, and have labels on the front and back of packages to explain their brightness, annual operating costs and expected life span. Yes, that does mean that many incandescents will not make the cut as the energy standards get more stringent, but the legislation will give a huge boost to the U.S.’s energy efficiency and cut strain on our national grid.

Incandescent Bulb Phase-Out Time Line, Incandescent Bulb Phase Out Time Line, 2012 100W, 2013 75W, 2014 40 and 60W


It’s called a phase-out for a reason. Only 100-watt incandescent bulbs will be cleared off of store shelves in 2012 (If these bulbs remain unsold, they can remain on shelves but retailers will not be able to restock/re-order these types of bulbs.) Then in 2013, the phase-out will apply to 75-watt incandescent bulbs and finally in 2014, the 40-watt and 60-watt incandescent bulbs will phased out. Other incandescent bulbs, like candles, decorative and reflector bulbs will also be affected.


If, for some reason, you love using energy-guzzling incandescent bulbs and want to continue using them, no law is going to stop you. In other words, no lighting police is going to come to your home and check in on what kind of bulbs you’re using. You’ll have a harder time finding incandescent bulbs in stores as time goes on and you’ll be wasting money and energy (traditional incandescent bulbs lose 90% of their energy as heat rather than light), but if you prefer to use incandescents and rack up a crazy energy bill, you will still be able find the energy-guzzlers in select stores for years into the future.

Light Bulb Comparison Chart, LEDs, CFLs, Incandescent Bulbs, LED Light Bulbs, CFL Light Bulbs, Incandescent Light Bulbs, Comparing Light Bulbs, Eco-friendly light bulbs, green light bulbs, energy efficient light bulbs, energy saving light bulbs
Infographic by Jill Fehrenbacher

If that last point hit close to home for you, you’re not alone. Many people are under the (false) impression that energy-efficient bulbs cast a “sickly” glow and just don’t have a warm ambiance. That might have been true in the past with certain types of compact fluorescent bulbs (which often have a greenish hue), but nowadays, there are many new high tech options for LED light bulbs that successfully mimic the brightness, amber color temperature and warm “feel” of your favorite filament bulb. Flip to the next page to see our recommendations on how to find the perfect LED replacement bulbs for your specific home lighting needs.

Lead image light bulb pic from Shutterstock


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  1. Sandra Razieli February 18, 2015 at 12:36 am

    I am very sensitive to the cool/ blue light. I get migraines and lose my ability to focus. I need to be in a Kelvin rate of 2700 or below to feel okay. Unfortunately that’s just on the edge of what’s available with LEDs and I have yet to find one that works for me. I wonder how many other people have this issue. Also, if anyone wants to get rid of their incandescents, I’d be happy to take them.

  2. Steven Sherman February 15, 2014 at 4:07 pm

    If you want to upgrade your lighting system to efficient LEDs without the up-front costs, consider joining the Dollar LED Club. For just a $1/bulb/month you can lease high quality LEDs. After two years the bulbs are yours and you continue to save.

  3. Dawn Redman January 2, 2014 at 8:10 pm

    I will not buy CFL’s. 1) They all contain mercury and most people don’t read the warning on the label that says you must bring blown out CFL’s to a hazardous waste facility. that means most of the CFL’s go right into our landfills. Not good 2) the vast majority of CFL’s are made in China. I prefer to buy products made in the U S. 3) My observation is that if you leave a CFL on all the time it will last a very long time, but if you turn it on/off whenever you enter/leave a room (I do) it won’t last much longer than a traditional incandescent bulb. 4) I use dimmers for most of my lights so that I can reduce the light and energy I use as needed. LED’s are a much better option, in my opinion, but the light they produce is cold and less bright.

  4. Dr. K. December 24, 2013 at 4:32 pm

    Many people – I’m one – use dimmer switches so that we can reduce both the desired brightness at any given time and energy consumed. My 40 watt bulbs last a long time and are energy efficient thanks to the dimmer switches. The catch re LED: can’t use dimmers with them, so we who have been helping reduce energy consumption all along, as well as enjoying a continuum of light, from very low to full strength, will be out of luck.

  5. jchastn December 24, 2013 at 2:28 am

    Are Halogen bulbs considered “traditional incandescent”bulbs? They do produce more light with less energy. Are they going to be phased out?

  6. cagefreeg November 14, 2013 at 5:29 pm

    To your comments re: High Tech Options for LED Light that mimic certain features that are preferable from incandescent bulbs, I found the following at

    I’ll paraphrase;

    >>Four 60-watt-equivalent CFLs, four 100-watt-equivalent CFLs, 12 incandescent candle bulbs for dimmable ceiling fixtures, and six 100-watt reflective PAR38 halogen bulbs in the recesses of our kitchen. Yes, those last ones are rather bright. I mention that because I think it realistically represents how people really live, often choosing comfort or preference in small ways over a cost benefit or a sense of environmental obligation.

    That’s roughly $55 in bulbs with no real LED equivilent for the halogens. But even if we were to just replace the rest with 12/60-watt LEDs, 17/75-watt LEDs, and 2.5/15-watt LED candle bulbs it still comes to $371.40!!!<<

    When I see the recommendations that you've made here and then see the associated costs I immediately think of my retired mother on a fixed income collecting social security and a small pension. I think of my daughter who collects a small state assistance stipened and child support to make ends meet. I think of my son with with two small boys who he provides for… and then I return to the disingenuous 'spin' that you've put on these high-tech alternatives and the convenient omissions regarding their cost… and I have to wonder what your real motivations are…

  7. ep4169 December 6, 2012 at 11:17 am

    What’s the difference between a phase-out and a ban? Effectively, nothing. In a couple of years I will no longer be able to buy traditional incandescents. That’s a ban.

    Why shouldn’t I be free to choose incandescents if I prefer them? The additional money I supposedly spend on them will help fund our supposedly strained energy grid.

    It’s time for the regulation busybodies in this country to get off our backs and let us live our lives the way we choose.

  8. freethinker July 30, 2012 at 6:46 pm

    Another issue for renters: Don’t forget to take any CFL or LED bulbs that you installed in permanent light fixtures with you when you move! Otherwise you’ll never see the full potential cost savings.

    I had replaced several hallway, closet, and outdoor bulbs in my former rented home with CFL’s, but I kept the original incandescent bulbs I found in those fixtures. When it came time to move, I placed the old bulbs back in those fixtures. Hey, I spent over $240 on those bulbs! No way I was just going to leave them behind.

  9. freethinker July 30, 2012 at 6:37 pm

    Again, I am in favor of saving energy and using CFL’s whenever possible, but let’s be fair and compare the best CFL and LED technology with the best incandescent technology. My high quality 57, 60, or 71-watt incandescent bulbs cost around $1.50-$2.00ea and last about 18-24 months depending upon the application, not less than a year like the super-cheap store brand bulb shown in the infographic. So that’s about 10-13 bulbs over 20 years, not 21 bulbs.

  10. blockhead May 29, 2012 at 9:44 pm

    Curious…if a CFL bulb lasts approximately 6.6 yrs, why do I have to replace so many that are less than 1.5 years old?

  11. VitiolicMass May 28, 2012 at 8:58 am

    One chart says a 60W bulb puts out 860 Lumens, then your article continues and says that a 6OW LED replacement bulb puts out the same 800 Lumens that a 60W incandescent bulb does…..60 Lumens is a pretty big difference.

    Also all of this is irrelevant because you only mentioned energy savings. I would suspect a lot more people live paycheck to paycheck these days and they would take a $0.25 bulb over a $30 bulb every single time.

    I replaced all of my bulbs with 100W CFL replacements 6500K. $14/ea and they started burning out in less than a year. I should have just gotten cheaper bulbs that last the same amount of time.

  12. Jill Fehrenbacher May 18, 2012 at 11:07 am

    Hi Tcutri-

    Did you read the above article? Depending on how many lightbulbs you have, you’ll save $200-$1000 a year in energy costs every year with LED bulbs + you only need to buy LED bulbs once, since they last 22 years, meaning you easily make the initial upfront cost back in a matter of months.

    LED bulb prices will gradually drop as demand increases and economies of scale kick in, but it is going to be like computers and cell phones – it will take time.

  13. tcutri May 17, 2012 at 3:48 pm

    I would have to take out a 2nd mortgage to replace all the bulbs in my house. No doubt there is an energy savings but from a life cycle cost standpoint it still doesn’t make sense. What is the prognosis on the future drop in LED prices?

  14. Lawrence Grown May 12, 2012 at 2:11 pm

    I prefer the Lighting Science Definity A19 bulb, but Philips’ Ambient is excellent for most A-lamp replacements.

  15. RustyDogma May 5, 2012 at 2:47 pm

    I ordered a bunch of LED bulbs, and when I got them the box was was labeled ‘do not use in enclosed fixtures. Almost every fixture in my house is enclosed, so I’m not sure what to get.

  16. GreatEmerald May 4, 2012 at 11:11 am

    kjacquin: You are forgetting the energy savings… It’s a 24-pack of 60Ws versus one 12W LED. That means five times less energy consumption, so after 20 years it will have more than paid back.

  17. tony myers May 3, 2012 at 3:34 pm

    I started replacing my CFL’s with LED’s 5 years ago. My utility bill went down 40%. Energy consumption went down 30%. At that time LED’s were about $50 each and were not dimmable. Now you can buy some for $20 each that are dimmable.

  18. Hazel Saunderson May 3, 2012 at 10:31 am

    This is great! I think with the soaring energy cost, making little changes like this should be on everyones mind. However, your phase-out timeline and handy facts should give them even more reason to make the big switch.

  19. BrilliantLD May 3, 2012 at 10:23 am

    Perhaps some will be interested to read about these recent lamp / bulb comparisons…

  20. kjacquin May 3, 2012 at 9:12 am

    I am all about saving where I can. The issue is that the energy bulbs are still expensive. The images show 21 normal bulbs for 20 years and 1 LED for 20 years. Out of pocket cost is still way different. I can get a 24 pack of 60W incandescent bulbs under $15 when 1 LED is around $25+/-. Once I see the price lower I will be happy to switch.

  21. Nicole Abene May 2, 2012 at 7:20 pm

    I love that you point out that energy-efficient bulbs can give off warm lighting – no more excuses to stop buying incandescent!

  22. JasminMC May 2, 2012 at 5:35 pm

    Great tips, thanks!

  23. jkgreen May 2, 2012 at 4:18 pm

    This is a great guide – I’ll have to start swapping my bulbs.

  24. MargaretD May 2, 2012 at 3:55 pm

    thanks for this! i’m definitely going to make the switch, it saves money & energy!

  25. Andrew Michler May 2, 2012 at 3:48 pm

    Just bought a 10 watt Phillips L_prize bulb with the local utility taking $20 off.

  26. Mark Boyer May 2, 2012 at 2:25 pm

    Very useful info. I’m anxious to try the Philips AmbientLED.

  27. catmcpants May 2, 2012 at 2:18 pm

    Great tips. Planning on decking out my lighting fixtures with LEDs.

  28. nathanielross May 2, 2012 at 2:01 pm

    Great post! Important for everyone to learn about… spreading the word!

  29. Rebecca Paul May 2, 2012 at 1:49 pm

    Wow super informative and helpful I’ve been trying to make the switch myself, and this makes things a lot easier.

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